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You are here: Home / Sasirangan as a identity textile textures cultural banjar

Sasirangan as a identity textile textures cultural banjar

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Kain-SasiranganMaybe we have and are often seen from the types of motifs fabrics made with hands. In various parts of the world many tribes appreciate their creativity in the form of motifs and woven fabrics. For example Zanshi weaving and Boro from japan, Sampot from Cambodia, Huipil from Mexico, Batik from Java tribe on the island of Java and others. Creativity of the fabric motifs contains elements of high art and philosophy from the manufacturer which is a form of their local identity:
In Banjar ethnic, textile pattern which is the result of creativity of the people called by sasirangan. Sasirangan is a ethnic cloth of Banjar in South Kalimantan, which made its way baste stitch is then tied the rope and then dipped into dye. So, that bond produces certain motives.In Banjar ethnic, textile pattern which is the result of creativity of the people called by sasirangan. Sasirangan is tribal fabric Banjar in South Kalimantan, which made its way baste stitch is then tied the rope and then dipped into dye. So, that bond produces certain motives.

The History

According to several sources of folklore or tales, about XII century until XIV century in the Dipa kingdom, which first made sasirangan fabric is when the duke of Lambung Mangkurat be imprisoned for 40 days and 40 nights on the raft balarut banyu (follow the flow of river water). Towards the end of his meditation raft duke arrived in the area Rantau, Bagantung town, he saw some foam on the water. And in the froth of a woman's voice called Princess Bubble cherished. But he would surface if the conditions which he requested be granted, namely a palace Batung completed in a day and can be completed daily fabric is woven and dicalap (colored) by 40 daughters with the motive of rice / padiwaringin. From the time it was first made sasirangan fabric and is often called the Calapan fabrics that became known by the name of Sasirangan fabrics. Sasirangan first time also called Langgundi cloth; a woven fabric is colored yellow. Langgundifabric is fabric that is used as an ingredient to make all citizens of the kingdom daily clothing Nagara Dipa kingdom.

Sasirangan fabric is typical craft area of South Kalimantan (South Borneo). According to local elders, formerly used as Laung (a headband ), men wear belts, scarves and kakamban (hoods ) by women. This cloth is also a traditional dress worn during traditional ceremonies, and even used in the treatment of the sick. Far from its use upon a time, now no longer used sasirangan fabric to the spiritual. But it has become everyday clothing and apparel is characteristic of South Kalimantan. In South Kalimantan, fabric crafts sasirangan is one of the typical areas that need to be inherited, preserved and developed in the days ahead.

The Process of Sasirangan

The word "Sasirangan" comes from the word sirang (local language) which means tied or sewn by hand and pulled the thread or in terms of language dijelujur sewing. Sasirangan fabric made by using mori fabric, polyester, are sewn in a certain way. Then it washed with a variety of desired colors, resulting in a material dress patterned with colorful stripes or motifs that is unique and distinctive.

In the manufacture of sasirangan cloth, firstly  menyirang . Fabric is cut sufficiently tailored clothing for women or men. Then fabric painted with traditional motifs cloth, then disirang or sewn by hand is tenuous following the motif. Fabrics that have been stitched pulled stitching yarn in order to tighten the seams, so tightly puckered fabric and cloth are ready to enter the next process.
The second; preparation of dyes, dye used is a dye for batik. All dye for batik can be used for dyeing cloth sasirangan. But dyes are commonly used today are naphtol dyes with salt. Other materials as a maid are caustic soda (NaOH), TRO / Sepritus, boiling hot water. At first dye is taken in moderation, then diluted / made a paste by adding a TRO / methylated, then stir until all the soluble / dissolves. After all the dissolved substance, then added some drops of caustic soda and finally added with hot water and cold water as necessary. The solution should be clear / clear. To dissolve the dye naphtol is considered finished and already can be used to dye cloth sasirangan.


To create the desired color, then dye naphtol be generated with salt. To dissolve the salts thereof, taken in accordance with the purposes and then add hot water gradually while stirring, stirring vigorously so that all the dissolved substances and the clear solution obtained. The number of solutions tailored to the needs. Both the solution of naphtol and salt can already be used to dye cloth sasirangan, namely by first rubbing / brushing naphtol dyes on fabrics that have been disirang who later added to another / salt solution is applied so that there will be color on fabric that has been smeared according sasirangan with the desired color. Once all the fabric dyed, fabric washed until the washing water is colorless again.

Before the advent of synthetic dyes, fabrics using natural dyes used Sasirangan from nature, such as from Karamunting tree, Mengkudu fruit, Roots Kebuau, Gambier, Areca, and so forth. In addition to these natural dyes, fabric Sasirangan usually also use some materials from nature to strengthen the resilience of color, such as lime, alum, lime, and so forth.

Third, the cloth is clean then released so that the seams are visible scar motives among existing colors on the cloth. Up here sasirangan fabric-making process has been completed and dried salanjutnya trimmed with iron and ready to be marketed. At the banjar society, sasirangan fabric has a variety of basic motifs that have been patented its kind. This is in order to maintain cultural values and banjo work. Some of the basic motives are as follows:
  1. Bayam Raja
  2. Bintang Bahambur
  3. Daun Jaruju
  4. Iris Pudak
  5. Kambang Raja
  6. Kambang Tampuk Manggis
  7. Kambang Tanjung
  8. Kangkung Kaombakan
  9. Kulit Kayu
  10. Kulit Kurikit
  11. Jajumputan
  12. Sari Gading
  13. Naga Balimbur
  14. Ombak Sinapur Karang
  15. Turun Dayang
  16. Sisik Tanggiling